Farming, hunting alongside the global move of millions of people to the metro resulted to huge decline in biodiversity while increasing the risk of catching covid19 from animals to humans. In a research paper, it suggested that the underlying cause of the pandemic the world is facing today is most probably because of the increased human interaction with wildlife.
Animals that share the same Strands with Humans
This is based on what American and Australian scientists found when they started tracing which animals are likely to share pathogens with people. From the study, it was found that several domesticated animals carry the highest number of viruses with people and these are:
- Sheep and;
Wild animals that were able to adapt to environments dominated by humans are also discovered to be sharing more viruses. Rodents, primates and bats which typically live among people and near farms and houses were implicated as the host for almost over 75 percent of all known viruses. Bats alone have been connected to a number of fatal diseases including Ebola, SARS, Marburg and Nipah.
On a separate case, there are over 200 of wildlife group worldwide wrote to World Health Organization or WHO requesting to recommend to countries that have high precaution approach to multibillion dollar wildlife trade and at the same time, the permanent banning of all live wildlife markets as well as the utilization of wildlife in traditional medicine.
Petition to Stop Human to Wildlife Activities
In the same letter, it says that the Covid19 pandemic have originated at a wildlife market in China and have been transmitted to humans because of the close proximity between people and wildlife. The groups including Zoological Society of London, PETA and International Fund for Animal Welfare says that a ban on global wildlife market can help in preventing the spread of viruses and diseases while also addressing major drivers for the extinction of species. The organizations are also arguing that zoonotic diseases are accountable for approximately two billion cases of human illnesses and also, around two million fatalities every year which include viruses like HIV, Mers, Ebola, rabies, leptospirosis and bovine tuberculosis.
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