Category: Health

0

What Makes Coronavirus So Infectious?

Over 100,000 coronavirus infections worldwide. Scientists around the world are feverishly wondering why the virus is spreading so easily.

In an article published in the journal Nature, the reason lies in the protein in the surface of the virus, which makes it able to affect human cells. Scientists are also looking for a “gateway” if the coronavirus penetrates human tissue. The suspicion is directed to a receptor that exists in the cell membrane.

According to the researchers, the exact drug that targets the viral protein and the cell membrane receptor could potentially prevent the virus from spreading. There is no absolute certainty.

“Understanding the infectivity of the virus is the key to limiting its spread and limping,” says virologist David Veesler of the University of Washington.

Coronavirus with the highest possible spread than SARS. By now, there must have been more than ten times the number of people who have sailed to SARS.

Coronaviruses use cells to infect spike protein that binds to the cell membrane. The process is activated by a specific cellular enzyme. COVID-19 coronavirus peak protein follows from other coronaviruses. It looks like it should be activated by the host cell proprotein converting enzyme furin. Other coronaviruses do not have this feature.

Furin is found in many human tissues, such as the lungs, liver and small intestine. That’s why a new type of coronavirus could attack multiple organs, says Chinese researcher Li Hua in an article.

Other groups of researchers are more cautious about the meaningful relationships of furin. It is certain that researchers’ hypotheses require that they be validated in cell and animal models.

“Coronaviruses are unpredictable, and a good hypothesis will prove to be the amount used,” says virologist Gary Whittaker of Cornell University.

According to the findings of a Texas research team, COVID-19 coronavirus binds to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in cells. It may also be possible for the vaccine or drug target.

0

A Much Needed Data Management in the Healthcare Sector

The healthcare market is generally behind other organizations in terms of IT usage, but there’s a ton of pressure now from health plans, customers, and the authorities; increasingly stringent reporting and compliance requirements; along with an overall health care industry realization it can enhance patient care and safety. So while IT use in medical care provider organizations, physician practices and hospitals lags behind other businesses, growth rates and its adoption are among the greatest in the USA.

Hospitals continue to spend IT budgets on mission-critical applications that are fiscal and administrative, much of the increase in IT spend is now focused on other programs that form the core of an electronic record, or EMR and clinical information systems. Assembling an EMR that is helpful and accurate typically requires the need to gather data from numerous applications and from multiple sellers. Integration of the data is critical for success.

Along with the number of applications now in use among health care providers, there’s also the problem of the number of special patient data . Hospitals use systems and software acquired from software vendors, and lots of physicians’ offices operate separately from their affiliate associations, the integration of patient information across the applications in use, therefore, becomes paramount for true end-to-end process integration. And those hospitals which make the investment in single-vendor options often spend years trying to tie all the disparate applications from their vendors or internal resources.

Data integration programs, which were once only affordable for the bigger healthcare providers are now being deployed at smaller hospitals. Datarooms are needed to store in data regarding patients. Faced with the challenge of data integration, there is a more interface that is customized just not a workable solution. So just how does a healthcare provider go about choosing a data integration system?

There are lots of factors that have to be taken into consideration when selecting a vendor, the apparent being a track record of success with deployments of extent and similar size as yours. But there are other factors also, such as technology.

The technology itself – or proposed alternative – also has to be evaluated thoroughly for safety protocols, operational efficiency, documentation, and overall cost of ownership (TCO).

By deploying an integration platform, healthcare providers are heading in the right direction. Health data integration will help create procedure efficiency among sellers and personnel and across departments. It will reduce errors and enhance the safety and health of individuals. And these improvements will save money for their components and both hospitals.

0

Still No Scientific Evidence To Prove That COVID-19 Can Infect Pets And Make Them ‘Carriers’

The world is facing a global emergency with the continuous spread of a novel strain of coronavirus. The World Health Organization (WHO) has already named the disease that is caused by the new novel coronavirus, COVID-19 (short for Coronavirus Disease of 2019). The virus, which can be traced all the way to the heart of Hubei province in China, has already infected tens of thousands of people all over the world, putting pressure in every continent to contain the virus and stop in from spreading in communities.

For now, only human-to-human transmission of the virus was recorded, meaning that the 2019 novel coronavirus is not expected to be contacted by animals and turn them into carriers of the highly contagious disease. If this was indeed the case, then there is higher probability that the COVID-19 can spread at a much faster rate than expected, since both humans and animals can transmit the virus from one body to another.

Dog In Hong Kong Tested ‘Weak Positive’ For Coronavirus, But Should We Be Worried?

Hong Kong has reported numerous cases of COVID-19 since December last year, and medical practitioners are working non-stop to contain the disease and perhaps develop a cure to finally end the reign of this rare virus. Recently, there was an interesting development as a dog in Hong Kong tested positive for the coronavirus. Although the animal is said to be “weak positive” since it doesn’t show any relevant symptoms of the disease, this case is highly suspect as the dog was previously owned by a Hong Kong national that suffered from the COVID-19.

In spite of these, doctors in Hong Kong said that this is not enough proof to say that animals like domesticated dogs can help spread the disease. While the family of coronavirus in general is known to infect both animals and humans, thus making animal-to-human transmission and vice-versa possible, more tests shall be performed to really say that the 2019 novel coronavirus strain is also of that kind.

In times like this, we should really be aware of the importance of handwashing as it will serve as our first line of defense against the COVID-19. Another thing that we should do is to keep our bodies healthy by eating nutritious food and avoiding any substances or practices that may weaken our immune system. Making ourselves physically fit by doing regular cardio exercises or simply buying and using a top exercise rack would be enough.

0

Dust Mites : Dust Mite infestations Produce a More Harmful Type of Allergen

Dust mites are perennial household problems because they easily multiply, while their microscopic size allows them to remain invisible to human eyes. A single mated-female dust mite is capable of producing 60 to 100 eggs, usually during the last five (5) weeks of its existence.

Dusts are quite visible because they tend to accumulate. Dust accretions include not only particles of dirt, soil, grime and pollens, but also bits and pieces of textile fibers, dead skin cells, fur or feather sheddings, human hair and other minute matters.

Within walled areas, dusts settle on surfaces as well as circulate in the air. These alone are already potentially harmful as allergens.

The situation gets worse once dust particles get entrenched in carpets, curtains, mattresses, beddings and upholstered furniture. Those are the places where dust mites thrive, and subsequently produce and build-up a more harmful type of allergen.

Dust mite infestation in homes have been scientifically ascertained as a cause of allergic reactions; manifested by way of rhinitis, asthma attacks, and atopic dermatitis or eczema.

Dust Mites as Producers of a More Harmful Type of Allergen

Since dust mites feed on dander and slough, it follows that they also excrete wastes that are even more microscopic. According to scientific studies, a house dust mite is capable of producing about 2,000 fecal matters that still carry digestive enzymes. Such enzymes have been identified as the principal allergens.

In addition to their fecal wastes, dust mites also leave an even larger amount of partially digested slough already covered with the allergy-causing enzymes.

Scientific studies found out that the average life cycle of a dust mite is from 65 to 100 days. When they die, their decaying bodies remain entrenched on thick materials and upholstery; becoming additional allergens circulating within enclosures.

Eradication of Dust Mite Infestations

Although dust mites exist and thrive everywhere, studies have established that they flourish in warm and humid regions especially in dark enclosed spaces.

When thriving in such conditions, regular vacuuming does not suffice to eradicate dust mite infestations. Periodically, carpets, mattresses, thick curtains and upholstered furniture must undergo professional deep-cleaning methods to greatly reduce, if not totally eradicate dust mite infestations.

Scientifically, it has been proven that professional carpet cleaning, which usually involves steam application, can eradicate as much as 87% of dust mites inhabiting a specific area.

This is one reason why in warmer regions, carpet cleaning requires a more thorough process. More so, for living spaces unoccupied for long periods of time, such as unrented carpeted-houses, hotel rooms or second-homes that serve as vacation getaways or retreats.

Boca Grande in Florida for one, is an island community that has gained popularity as a haven for exclusive residential retreats. Second-homes are common to wealthy families wanting to escape harsh winter seasons. Prior to a family’s arrival, carpet cleaning boca grande homes require intensive processes and disinfecting solutions.

0

The Importance Of Handwashing

We have always heard this, wash your hands regularly. Much like washing the dishes (find the best dishwasher under 700 here), handwashing is as important in maintaining one’s health.

After visiting the toilet there are around 200 million bacteria on your hands. If you do not wash your hands, but then touch your mouth, nose or eyes with your hands, bacteria can enter the body through mucous membranes. These germs can cause an infection, such as cold and flu. Wash hands is, therefore, very important to prevent infections. This includes a cold and the flu.

Proper handwashing! What gets left on your hands when you don’t wash properly

Proper washing of the hands can considerably reduce this risk of infection, given that bacteria are removed from the hand. This also reduces the risk of cross-contamination and reduces the risk of sick leave. This improves the hygiene level. Throughout the day you come in contact with bacteria, viruses and other pathogens. Bacteria and viruses can be transferred from one hand to the other through the hands.

Lack of Handwashing Leads t0 80% of Infections

A flu virus spreads very quickly, including sneezing and coughing. Human hands are the perfect way for viruses and bacteria to spread. The bacteria then end up in the air and on other surfaces. The hands constantly touch objects that other people have also touched with their hands: the door handle, faucets, keyboards etc. Washing your hands regularly is the most important method to prevent the spread of a flu virus.

Interesting Research About Handwashing

The Journal of Environmental Health has published a study in which four thousand people were observed while visiting a public toilet. The figures from this study indicate that more attention should be paid to hand washing. 10 percent of the four thousand people did not wash their hands at all, while 33 percent of the people washed their hands without soap. The other people used the soap, but not long enough.

Interesting facts about handwashing

  • Bacteria have the ability to survive 48 hours on a surface.
  • 80% of the infections between people are caused by the hands and 47% of the diseases are easy to prevent if the hands are washed well.
  • The mouse of the computer contains an average of 10,000 organisms per cm2. A keyboard also contains an average of 10,000 organisms per cm2.
  • When a hand is contaminated with bacteria, this can be transferred to 5 new objects or 14 other people.
  • 30% of visitors to the toilet wash their hands with soap after visiting a toilet.
  • An employee in an office comes into contact with more than 10 million bacteria every day.
  • 90% of visitors to catering establishments consider a clean toilet more important than good service.
  • A hot air dryer causes an increase in bacteria instead of a decrease.

It is therefore wise to wash your hands regularly. Also due to the fact that a flu epidemic develops every year. Washing hands has, therefore, become even more important. It is therefore important to ensure a good solution in the workplace to wash hands for both staff and visitors. It is also important that schools and healthcare institutions pay a lot of attention to this.